Prof. dr hab. Ewa Solarska
Professor at the Department of Biotechnology, Microbiology and Human Nutrition at the University of Life Sciences in Lublin. Phytopathologist and specialist in the field of ecological product quality assessment. In his scientific work, he deals with the development of technologies for cultivating agricultural and horticultural plants with the use of plant extracts and consortia of microorganisms with the use of ecological methods. Author of the organic hop growing technology.
Head of the Plant Protection Products Research Team, under which he conducts research on natural and chemical plant protection preparations for registration purposes. She is a contractor or coordinator of many research and development projects in cooperation with domestic and foreign scientific partners and entrepreneurs, as well as the author and co-author of about 120 publications and monographs.
For her scientific achievements, Professor Solarska received many international decorations and national awards.
Subject: “The advantage of organic farming over conventional”
Global warming threatens agriculture and food security, generating exorbitant costs for the economy. At the same time, it is agricultural activity that has a huge impact on climate change, accounting for a quarter of global greenhouse gas emissions.
The production of synthetic nitrogen fertilizers and pesticides causes the emission of huge amounts of CO2 into the atmosphere. The way land is managed must therefore change. The intensification of agriculture consisting in the excessive use of pesticides and synthetic fertilizers resulted in soil degradation, i.e. a reduction in organic matter content, contamination with heavy metals and other toxic compounds, and an increase in its compactness and erosion. Such soils absorb carbon dioxide minimally and accumulate less water due to the low content of organic matter. Ecological farming practices can reverse this trend and contribute to mitigating climate change.
During the lecture, arguments for the superiority of organic farming over conventional farming will be presented, especially in the context of safe food production, neutralizing the negative impact on the environment.